Scientific Papers


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

83nd percentile
Powered by  Scopus

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

Strike Plagiarism


How tax reforms impact unemployment: Evidence from Azerbaijan

Vol. 16, No 3, 2023


Mirvari Gazanfarli


Department of Business Management, UNEC Business School (MBA), Azerbaijan State University of Economics (UNEC), 

Baku, Azerbaijan 

ORCID 0000-0002-4020-7466

How tax reforms impact unemployment: Evidence from Azerbaijan




Abstract. This study investigates the effects of tax reforms carried out by the state to maximize the economic and welfare benefits on the unemployment rate in Azerbaijan from 2000 to 2021. An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) empirical model is developed to measure the relationship between unemployment level and major indicators characterizing tax reforms. Initial estimations consider this linkage in both the short-term and the long-run periods, however, further analysis shows that only short-run estimations are statistically significant. The empirical analysis proves that qualitative and quantitative variables that characterize tax reform significantly affect unemployment rate in the short term. Research findings suggest that higher tax burden and application of concessions (after a year) may cause increased unemployment, while implementation of numerous allowances and concessions (within the year), application of an automated tax information system, and changes in legislation can be effective in reducing unemployment in Azerbaijan.


Received: November, 2022

1st Revision: July, 2023

Accepted: September, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2023/16-3/14


JEL ClassificationC5, H2, J6, P11

Keywordsunemployment rate, tax reform, ARDL cointegration approach, empirical analysis