Scientific Papers


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ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Employment in Croatia: Insights into the past and the future

Vol. 14, No 1, 2021


Veselin Draskovic


University of Social Sciences, Poland;

University of Montenegro, Montenegro

ORCID 0000-0003-3968-422X

Employment in Croatia: Insights into the past and the future

Justin Pupavac


University of Rijeka, Croatia,

Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Opatija

Milica Delibasic


Mediterranean University,

Faculty of Business Studies, 

Podgorica, Montenegro

Leszek Kołtun


Institute of Security Sciences, Higher School of Criminology and Penitentiary Science in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland

ORCID 0000-0001-6217-4303




Abstract. The aim of this paper is to explore the relationship between the movement of GDP and the employment in Croatia (CRO). The objective of this paper is to give an estimate on the number of employees needed in the following period as well as possibilities to find workers, having in mind the negative demographic trends. The hypothesis indicates that there is a significant correlation between GDP movement and total employment as well as weak but positive correlation between GDP movement and unemployment. Numerous scientific methods, among which are the methods of analysis and synthesis, the method of descriptive statistics and the method of mathematical modelling, have been applied to achieve the goal of this research. The main result of this work leads to the conclusion that human resources will become the limiting factor for economic growth in the future. Therefore, economic policy measures should be taken in order to change the detected negative trends while forming the demographic capital of the country.


Received: January, 2020

1st Revision: December, 2020

Accepted: March, 2021


DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2021/14-1/8


JEL ClassificationE24, J23, M51

Keywordsemployment, labour, labour market, demographic capital, Croatia