Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Evaluating the transition to green economy in Kazakhstan: A synthetic control approach

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

 

Galiya Sansyzbayeva

 

Department of Management, Higher School of Economics and Business, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, 

Republic of Kazakhstan

gns1981@mail.ru

ORCID 0000-0002-9992-4005

Evaluating the transition to green economy in Kazakhstan: A synthetic control approach


Zhansaya Temerbulatova

 

Department of Economics, Higher School of Economics and Business, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Republic of Kazakhstan

t.zhansaya.s@mail.ru

ORCID 0000-0002-3205-0948


Zhidebekkyzy Aknur

 

Higher School of Economics and Business, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Republic of Kazakhstan

aknur.zh@gmail.com

ORCID 0000-0003-3543-547X


Ashirbekova Laura

 

Department of Management, Higher School of Economics and Business, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, 

Republic of Kazakhstan

turar200480@mail.ru

ORCID 0000-0003-0377-7854


 

 

 

 

Abstract. In the modern world, due to the growing environmental threats, each state has the task of reducing the anthropogenic impact on the environment. Many countries, especially developed ones, have been seriously studying this problem and are finding solutions. However, in developing countries the situation is different, along with the growth of the economy, environmental damage is growing. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the impact of the existing measures aimed at reducing emissions and to assess the readiness of the regions in Kazakhstan for the transition to green economy. In the article, the effect of adoption of the Concept of transition to green economy on CO2 emissions in Kazakhstan was assessed. Using the synthetic control method, the panel data of Kazakhstan and 30 control countries for 2003-2018 were evaluated. As a result of constructing a counterfactual, it is revealed that the effect of the Concept can be traced in Kazakhstan, however, the trend of annual emissions’ increase remains. The second part of the analysis covers the assessment of the potential of the regions in Kazakhstan for the transition to green economy through assessing the decoupling effect of GRP from pollutant emissions into the atmosphere. For this assessment, the data as of 2005-2018 for 14 regions and 2 cities of republican significance in Kazakhstan are used. The pair correlation between gross regional product and 2 types of environmental pollution is calculated. Based on the results of correlation assessment, the regions were selected that showed the best and the worst results and a detailed analysis of these regions was carried out based on a regression model. The results show a heterogeneous situation in the regions of Kazakhstan, as only in 7 regions out of 16 the effect of decoupling was revealed (high one - only in 4 regions). The authors propose measures to improve the situation in individual regions and in the country as a whole.

 

 

Received: June, 2019

1st Revision: September, 2019

Accepted: February, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2020/13-1/21

 

JEL ClassificationQ01, Q53, Q56, C51

Keywordssynthetic control method, the Concept of transition to green economy, CO2 emissions, decoupling effect, Kazakhstan regions, green economy, economic growth, environmental pollution, emissions of pollutants