Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Earnings management and cash holdings: Evidence from energy firms in Vietnam

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

 

*Nguyen Vinh Khuong

 

1 University of Economics and Law, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 

2 Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

* Corresponding Email: khuongnv@uel.edu.vn

Earnings management and cash holdings: Evidence from energy firms in Vietnam


Nguyen Thanh Liem

 

1 University of Economics and Law, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 

2 Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

liemnt@uel.edu.vn


Mai Thi Hoang Minh

 

University of Economics Ho Chi Minh City, 

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

hminh@ueh.edu.vn


 

 

 

 

Abstract. Earnings management practices can exacerbate information asymmetry between stakeholders such as creditors, suppliers and investors and the focal firm. However, different types of earnings management can lead to diverse consequences due to their different associations with information asymmetry and agency cost. In this study, we investigate the relationship between accrual-based earnings management (AEM), real activities management (RAM) and corporate cash holdings. The research findings suggest that real activities management has a positive impact on cash holdings, while accruals-based earnings management, has a negative impact on this measure. Our findings are robust to different measures of AEM, RAM and model specifications. The positive link between RAM and cash holdings implies that significant diminutions in discretionary production costs and selling expenses permit managers to mask the genuine performance of the firm, thus increasing information asymmetry. On the other hand, the inverse relationship between AEM and cash holdings may prove that accruals can be helpful in alleviating the information differentials between the firm and other stakeholders. Based on the research findings, we provide several implications for relevant stakeholders regarding the link between earnings management and cash holdings.

 

 

Received: April, 2019

1st Revision: September, 2019

Accepted: February, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2020/13-1/16

 

JEL ClassificationG30, G34, M41

Keywordsaccrual-based earnings management, real activities management, corporate cash holdings, Vietnam