Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Testing the Polish society security

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

 

Patryk Babiarz

 

College of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Georgia,

The United States

pbabiarz@uga.edu

Testing the Polish society security

Dorota Kamuda

 

Department of Law and Administration, 

University of Technology in Rzeszów, Poland

dkamuda@prz.edu.pl


Aldona Migała-Warchoł

 

Department of Quantitative Methods, 

University of Technology in Rzeszów, Poland

amigala@prz.edu.pl



 

 

 

 

Abstract. The aim of the article is to analyze the level of security within Polish society using data on crime rates collected from the Local Data Bank of the Polish Central Statistical Office. The data were collected for the 2017 year for individual provinces of Poland. In the second part of the article the model of progressive stepwise regression was constructed for the overall crime rate, where the independent variables were: the criminal crime rate per 1000 residents, the rate of economic crimes per 1000 residents, the road crimes’ rate per 1000 residents, the crime rate against life and health per 1000 residents, the property crime rate per 1000 residents and the rate of crimes against freedom, freedom of conscience and religion, sexual freedom and morals per 1000 residents, the rate of crimes against family and care per 1000 residents. Further analysis has been carried out to determine the relationship between the crime rates and the selected economic measures, i.e., unemployment rates, GDP per capita and investment expenditures per capita. The results were obtained using the Statistica 12 program. It was concluded that the indicators affecting the overall crime rates were:  the criminal crime rate per 1000 residents and  the rate of economic crimes per 1000 residents. Correlation obtained for the variables under investigation shows that a statistically significant relationship was obtained only in the case of two variables - the overall crime rate and the capital expenditures per capita.

 

 

Received: July, 2019

1st Revision: December, 2019

Accepted: February, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2020/13-1/5

 

JEL ClassificationC15, C24, D63

Keywordssecurity, crime rates, economic measures, progressive stepwise regression, Poland