Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Factors affecting the capital structure: New evidence from GCC countries

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

 

Audil Rashid Khaki

 

Department of Finance, American University of the Middle East,

Kuwait

Audil.Rashid@aum.edu.kw (Corresponding Author)

Factors affecting the capital structure: New evidence from GCC countries

Ahmet Akin

 

Department of Finance, American University of the Middle East,

Kuwait

Ahmet.Akin@aum.edu.kw


 

 

 

 

Abstract. This study aims to identify the firm-specific determinants of capital structure in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. A number of regression models are employed on the data of 329 non-financial firms for the period between 2009 and 2017. The data has been analysed at both country level and regional level to look for the evidence on the major determinants of capital structure and the differences, if any. The findings indicate that size, tangibility, and growth opportunities have positive impact on leverage. On the other hand, profitability, age, financial constraints, liquidity, and government ownership affect the leverage negatively. There is a weak evidence for a positive relationship between leverage and operating risk. The results also imply that the institutional features of GCC countries have a minor effect on the leverage within a general model for the region. Although GCC countries have a unique institutional environment that distinguishes them substantially from other countries, the current study provides evidence that the capital structure decisions are influenced by the same factors as in other developing countries.

 

Received: October, 2019

1st Revision: December, 2019

Accepted: February, 2020

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2020/13-1/1

 

JEL ClassificationG32

Keywordscapital structure, leverage, firm-specific factors, GCC countries